Needs and Aspirations of Kadjebi District Assembly

Chapter 2:

CHAPTER TWO

COMMUNITY NEEDS AND ASPIRATIONS

 

The Assembly in its quest to ensure that development planning is done in a participatory manner with the people of the District undertook a series of public hearings at the six Area Town/Area council levels of Kadjebi, Asato, Dodi, Dodo, Ahamansu and Amanta. The essence of the public hearings was to solicit for the views, needs and aspirations of the people and use them as the basis for the plan preparation and also to ensure community ownership of the plan.

Table 34 below presents the summary of the aspirations and needs of the people from the public hearing

 

Table 34: Summary of Community Needs and Aspirations
SECTOR DEVELOPMENT ISSUES/CONCERNS NEEDS AND ASPIRATIONS FROM TOWN/AREA COUNCILS
 

 

EDUCATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

· Falling standard of education at basic school level.

· Poor quality and condition of educational infrastructure and logistics

· Indiscipline in schools

· Inadequate ICT facilities and libraries

· Non-functioning school management committees

· Lack of accommodation for teachers

· Inadequate sanitation facilities in schools

· Creation of an enabling environment for teaching and learning (rehabilitation/construction of classrooms with electricity, recreational facilities, furniture etc.).

· Provision of toilets, water, urinal and waste disposal site for all  basic schools

· Provision of teachers’ accommodation

· Intensification of  school supervisions  

· Improvement in the parent-teacher relationship

· Strengthening of School management committees

· Provision of ICT and library facilities

· Preventing school children from watching kumkumbagier

 

WATER · Inadequate water supply systems

· Non-functioning state of community water systems like boreholes

· Unsafe water for drinking

· Weak and ineffective WATSAN committees

 

 

· Expansion of urban /rural water supply with maximum reliability

· Institutionalize periodic water quality test

· Undertake rehabilitation of water facilities

· Institutionalize periodic monitoring and evaluation of water systems 

· Water quality measures would be put in place

· Regular Capacity building and training for WATSAN

· Regular M&E of WATSAN operations

ENVIRONMENTAL  HYGIENE AND SANITATION · Inadequate waste management facilities

· Inadequate solid and liquid waste management systems

· Non enforcement of sanitation and environmental by-laws

· Inadequate latrines in communities and institutions

· Inadequate environmental health staff

 

· Provision of institutional public toilets

· Supply of refuse containers in communities and other sanitation equipment and tools

· Undertake public education on environment hygiene and sanitation

· Enforcement of By-Laws on the environment and sanitation

· Promote the construction of household latrines(CLTS)

· Promote the construction of hand washing with soap facilities and safe water storage facilities

· Provision of adequate environmental health staff

 

HEALTH · Inadequate health care service delivery in rural areas

· Poor condition of health infrastructure and facilities

· Inadequate health personnel

· Inadequate accommodation for health staff

· Spread of diseases like malaria, HIV & AIDS etc

· Inadequate office accommodation for NHIA

· Undue payment on drugs demanded by facilities

· Rehabilitation of health infrastructure

· Construction,  expansion and furnishing of health facilities  (CHPS compounds)

· Improvement of health care service delivery

· Provision of accommodation for health staff

· Fight the High prevalence diseases like malaria, HIV & AIDS etc

· Upgrading of Kadjebi Health centre to a District Hospital

· Provide office accommodation for NHIA

· Institute measures to remove all extortion in the operation of NHIS

 

ROADS AND TRANSPORT

 

Poor road network and conditions especially in the rainy seasons

· Inadequate drainage systems

· Lack of bridges on Rivers

· Choked drains

Rehabilitation and spot improvement of roads.

Reshaping of feeder roads

· Provision of speed ramps

· Provision of Bridges

· Construction of drains and culverts

· Desilting of drains

 

INDUSTRY, TRADE, TOURISM AND EMPLOYMENT · Limited job opportunities for the youth

· Limited access to credit facilities for investment purpose

· Inadequate exploitation of tourism potentials

· Lack of investment in tourism

· Low levels of Technical/vocational skills

· Unavailability of industries

· Limited entrepreneurial skills development

· Inadequate and poor market facilities

· Establishment of (small scale) manufacturing industries to create employment

· Rehabilitation of market facilities.

· Supply equipment and tools to entrepreneurs.

· Development of the tourism sites

· Promote accessibility to credit facilities

· Undertake skills developing and training programmes for the youth

· Provision of new markets

ENERGY

 

· Inadequate extension of electricity to newly developing areas due to high cost of extension

· Inadequate promotion and development of other energy sources such as solar

· Mal-functional street light

 

· Extension of electricity to newly developed residential areas.

· Extension of electricity to schools

· Maintenance of street light

AGRICULTURE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

· High cost of agricultural inputs and technology

· Declining interest in farming due to low returns

· Low income of farmers

· Small land holding impeding investment

· Lack of reliable market

· Lack of irrigation facilities

· Lack of farming implements and machinery

· Inadequate access to extension services

· Lack of storage facilities

· Lack of processing facilities

· Mechanization of agricultural activities

· Reduction on the cost of borrowing from financial institutions

· Construction and expansion of farm truck to link major roads

· Provision of irrigation facilities and tube wells

· Creation of land banks for large scale farming and other investment

· Provision of extension officers

· Provision of planting materials and other agricultural materials to farmers

· Encouragement of value chain systems

· Provision of storage facilities

· Provision of agro based processing factories

 

GOVERNANCE

 

 

· Limited support for women, PWDs and other vulnerable groups

· Low access to information on Assembly’s activities

· Non-functioning state of sub district structures

· Low level of M&E by the people at the grassroots

· Non- functioning state of Unit Committees

· Low IGF capacity of the Assembly

· Lack of modern office for the Assembly and Area councils

 

· Increased transparency in resource utilization

· Strengthen capacity of Assembly members and Area councils to provide local leadership.

· Assembly should institute public engagement processes like town hall meetings, radio programmes etc

· Increased interaction of District Assembly and sub-structures

· Increased participation of communities decision making activities

· Institute measures to increase the IGF capacity of the Assembly

· Provision of adequate office structures for Area councils

· Rehabilitate residential accommodations 

PHYSICAL PLANNING · Lack of adherence to building and development regulations

· Lack of enforcement of laws in relation to physical developments

· Non completion of the street naming system

 

· Enforcement of building and development regulations

 

· Continue the street naming and property addressing system

· Expand permit acquisition system to cover the whole District

ENVIRONMENT/ NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT · Incidence of natural disasters

· Over exploitation of natural resources

· Incidence of Bush fires

· Pollution of water bodies

· Environmental and water pollution

· Degradation of ecosystem

· Poor state of Kadjebi cemetery

 

· Enforcement of By-Laws on the environment and natural resources

· Undertake tree planting activities

· Develop and Institute formal management of Kadjebi cemetery

 

 

 

HARMONISATION OF COMMUNITY NEEDS AND ASPIRATIONS WITH IDENTIFIED KEY DEVELOPMENT GAPS/PROBLEMS/ISSUES

 

The community needs and aspirations identified above have been harmonized with the summarized key development issues from the performance review and profile of the District. Each community needs and aspirations were matched against the summarized key development issues and scored to determine the level of harmony between them. The scoring was done based on the following:

Figure 14: Scoring scale

Definition Score
Strong relationship 2
Weak relationship 1
No relationship 0

 

Harmonization of the community needs and aspirations as against the summarized key development issue from the performance review and profile of the Municipality is presented in the table below:

S/

NO

Community needs and aspirations Identified key development gaps/

problems/issues (from Performance and Profile)

SCORE

 

1 Falling standard of education at basic school level Falling standards of education in the District

 

2
2 Poor quality and condition of educational infrastructure   Inadequate and inequitable access to educational facilities

 

2
3 Inadequate ICT facilities and libraries

 

Inadequate ICT infrastructure base

Poor quality of ICT services

 

2
4 Lack of adherence to building and development regulations Weak enforcement of planning and building regulations

 

2
5 Incident of Bush fires and other disasters

 

Vulnerability to natural disasters 2
6 Inadequate water supply

 

Inadequate access to water services

 

2
7 Non-functioning state of community water systems like boreholes Poor and inadequate rural infrastructure and services

 

1
8 Inadequate waste management facilities

 

Inadequate access to environmental sanitation facilities

 

2
9 Inadequate solid and liquid waste management systems

 

Poor disposal of waste

 

2
10 Non enforcement of sanitation by-laws Weak enforcement of existing sanitation laws

 

2
11 Degradation of ecosystem Weak enforcement of regulations and laws governing the environment and for the management of natural resources

 

1
12 Environmental and water pollution

 

Use of outdated farming methods  

 

2
13 Poor condition of health infrastructure and facilities

 

Inadequate health care service delivery

 

 

 

Poor health infrastructure

 

2
14 Spread of diseases like malaria, HIV & AIDS etc High prevalence rate of diseases like malaria, HIV & AIDS etc 2
15 Poor road network and conditions especially in the rainy seasons Poor quality and inadequate road transport networks

 

2
16 Limited jobs opportunities for the youth

 

High levels of unemployment and under-employment especially among the youth

 

2
17 Low levels of Technical/vocational training for the youth

 

Low levels of Technical/vocational skills

 

2
18 Lack of investment in tourism

 

Inadequate investment in the tourism sector

 

2
19 Inadequate exploitation of tourism potentials

 

 

Limited exploitation of potentials in the tourism sector

 

 

2
20 Limited access to credit facilities for investment purpose

 

Limited access to finance

 

2
21 Lack of electricity in new development areas due to high cost of extension Unreliable power supply

 

2
22 Declining crop yield due to high cost of agricultural inputs and technology

 

Low application of technology especially among farmers  

 

2
23 Declining interest in farming due to low returns

 

Low level of agricultural mechanization and production  

 

1
24 Inadequate extension services Limited access to extension services

 

2
25 Small land holding impeding investment

 

Inadequate spatial and land use plans

 

2
26 Lack of reliable market

 

Lack of adequate market information 2
27 Low levels of M&E by the people at the grass roots Gaps in communication and accountability between MMDAs and citizens

 

2
28 Non- functioning state of ZCs and Unit Committees

 

Weak sub-district structures

 

2
29 Increasing spate of crime among the youth such as illicit drug use, armed robbery etc.

 

High incidence of violation of children’s rights

 

1
30 Weak revenue base of ZCs Leakages in revenue collection

 

1
31 Limited access to information on Assembly’s activities  

 

 

Inadequate access to public information by media, civil society and general public

 

2
32 Child trafficking, child abuse and child labor High incidence of child trafficking and child labor

 

2
33 Limited support for women, PWDs and other vulnerable groups  

 

 

Inadequate support for Persons With Disability (PWDs)

 

Inadequate social protection and intervention and weak coordination of programmes for the vulnerable and excluded

 

 

 

2
Average Score =65/33                                                                                                                                 1.9

 

Table 35: Harmonization of community needs and aspirations as against the summarized key development issue

 

The average score of 1.9 is very high, and therefore an indication that there is strong harmony of community needs and aspirations and key development issue and which has implication for 2018 – 2021 MTDP.  

 

 

KEY DEVELOPMENT ISSUES UNDER GSGDA II WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR 2018-2021 

 

The harmonised key development issues with implications for 2018-2021 are presented in a matrix under GSGDA II as indicated in table 35 below

 

Table 35: Key Development Issues under GSGDA II with implications for 2018-2021

 

Thematic areas of GSGDA II Key development issues under GSGDA II with implications for 2018-2021
Ensuring and Sustaining Macro-Economic Stability Leakages in revenue collection

 

Enhancing Competitiveness of Ghana’s Private Sector Limited access to finance

Unreliable and inadequate power supply

Low investment in the tourism sector

Limited exploitation of potentials in the tourism sector

Inadequate infrastructure such as roads, energy etc.

Inadequate job creation

Lack of adequate market information

Limited access to finance

Low productivity

Lack of entrepreneurial culture among the citizens

Inadequate skills training programmes

Inadequate export promotion services

 

Accelerated Agricultural Modernisation and Sustainable Natural Resource Management Low application of technology especially among farmers  

Low level of agricultural mechanization and production  

Limited access to extension services

Weak enforcement of regulations and laws governing the environment and for the management of natural resources

Lack of adequate market information

Inadequate access to veterinary services

Undeveloped capacity of FBOs to access or deliver services

Inadequate irrigation facilities

Limited access to agriculture information

Limited capacity of exporters to meet export volumes

Poor development of livestock/poultry industry

Use of outdated farming methods  

Inadequate awareness of climate change and its impact  

Vulnerability to natural disasters

Dwindling water resources

Limited human resource capacity in Climate Change issues

Infrastructure and Human Settlements Inadequate access to water

Poor and inadequate rural infrastructure and services

Weak enforcement of existing sanitation laws

Poor quality and inadequate road transport networks

Weak enforcement of planning and building regulations

Inadequate spatial and land use plans

Poor water transportation systems

Lack of maintenance of water systems

Low level of Science, Technology and Innovation culture in all spheres of life

Inadequate ICT infrastructure base

Poor quality of ICT services

Unreliable power supply

Ineffective and inefficient spatial/land use planning and implementation particularly in the urban areas

Limited urban infrastructure

Poor and inadequate rural infrastructure and services

Inadequate access to environmental sanitation facilities

Poor disposal of waste

Poor hygiene practices and inadequate hygiene education

Human Development, Productivity and Employment Poor health infrastructure

High prevalence rate of diseases like malaria, HIV & AIDS etc

High levels of unemployment and under-employment especially among the youth

Huge unmet need for mental health services

Low levels of Technical/vocational skills

Falling standards of education in the District

Inadequate and inequitable access to educational facilities

Inadequate ICT infrastructure base

Poor quality of ICT services

Inadequate STI culture among the people

Inadequate and inequitable access to educational facilities

Poor quality of teaching and learning materials

Lack of a comprehensive National Human Resource Development policy

Lack of entrepreneurial skills

High number of untrained teachers at the private basic school level

Low recognition of gender equity in all spheres

High levels of  malnutrition especially among children

Inadequate and poor sports infrastructure

High level of youth unemployment

High levels of crime and violence among the youth

Limited coverage of social protection interventions

High incidence of violation of children’s rights

High incidence of child trafficking and child labour

Inadequate support for Persons With Disability (PWDs)

Increasing rates of migration

Discrimination and violence against older persons especially women

High incidence of poverty, especially among disadvantaged groups

Transparent, Responsive and Accountable Governance High incidence of violation of children’s rights

Inadequate responsiveness to civil society and private sector initiatives in governance processes

Limited awareness, advocacy and enforcement of rights and responsibilities

Weak sub-district structures

Gaps in communication and accountability between MMDAs and citizens

Inadequate social intervention and weak coordination of programmes for the vulnerable and excluded

Inadequate access to public information by media, civil society and general public

Weak structures for effective participation of citizens especially vulnerable groups in decision-making and policy implementation

Slow progress in the elimination of gender-based inequalities

Inadequate institutional capacity and infrastructure for statistics production at all levels

Underutilization of M&E in the planning process

 

 

HARMONISATION OF KEY DEVELOPMENT ISSUES UNDER GSGDA II WITH IMPLICATION FOR 2018-2021 WITH THOSE OF THE NATIONAL MEDIUM-TERM DEVELOPMENT POLICY FRAMEWORK (NMTDPF, 2018–2021) 

 

In order to ensure continuity of relevant on-going programmes and in accordance with Chapter 6, Article 35 (7) of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana, the issues associated with programmes and projects commenced under GSGDA II, 2014-2017 with those issues of the NMTDPF 2018-2021 have been harmonized as indicated in table 36 below:

 

Table 36: Identified Development Issues under GSGDA II and NMTDPF, 2018-2021

 

GSGDA II, 2014-2017 NMTDPF     2018-2021
THEMATIC AREAS ISSUES GOAL ISSUES
1: ENSURING AND SUSTAINING MACRO-ECONOMIC STABILITY Leakages in revenue collection GOAL 1: BUILD AN INDUSTRIALISED, INCLUSIVE AND RESILIENT ECONOMY Revenue underperformance due to leakages and loopholes, among others

 

2: ENHANCING COMPETITIVENESS OF GHANA’S PRIVATE SECTOR Limited access to finance GOAL 1: BUILD AN INDUSTRIALISED, INCLUSIVE AND RESILIENT ECONOMY Limited access to finance
Unreliable power supply Unreliable power supply
Inadequate investment in the tourism sector Inadequate investment in the tourism sector
Limited exploitation of potentials in the tourism sector Limited exploitation of potentials in the tourism sector
Inadequate infrastructure such as roads, etc. Inadequate Infrastructure such as roads, etc
Inadequate job creation High  unemployment rate  amongst the youth
Lack of adequate market information

 

Inadequate market information
Low productivity Low productivity
Inadequate export promotion services

 

 

Inadequate export promotion services

 

Limited technical and entrepreneurial skills Limited technical and entrepreneurial skills

 

3: ACCELERATED AGRICULTURAL MODERNISATION AND SUSTAINABLE NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Low application of technology especially among farmers   GOAL 1: BUILD AN INDUSTRIALISED, INCLUSIVE AND RESILIENT ECONOMY Low adoption of technology
Limited multiplication and production of planting materials and certification of seeds Limited multiplication and production of planting materials and certification of seeds
Low level of agricultural mechanization and production   Low levels of mechanisation in agriculture
Limited access to extension services Limited access to extension services, especially by women agriculture operators
Lack of adequate market information Limited access to market information
Inadequate irrigation facilities

 

High dependence on seasonal and erratic rainfall
Limited capacity of exporters to meet export volumes Limited capacity of exporters to meet export volumes and standards
Use of outdated fishing methods   Weak enforcement of laws and regulations on fisheries
 
Undeveloped capacity of FBOs to access or deliver services

 

Undeveloped capacity of FBOs to access or deliver services
Poor development of livestock/poultry industry   Low productivity and poor handling of livestock/ poultry products
Inadequate awareness of climate change and its impact   Increasing negative impact of climate change on agriculture
Inadequate access to veterinary services

 

Inadequate access to veterinary services
Limited access to agriculture information  Inadequate dissemination of information on business opportunities along the agriculture value chain
3. ACCELERATED AGRICULTURAL MODERNISATION AND SUSTAINABLE NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Weak enforcement of regulations and laws governing the environment and for the management of natural resources                                                                                                                                                                   GOAL 3: BUILD SAFE AND WELL-PLANNED COMMUNITIES WHILE PROTECTING THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT Non-enforcement of relevant laws and regulations
Dwindling water resources Loss of water resources
Vulnerability to natural disasters Prevalence of fires, floods and other disasters
 

Limited human resource capacity in Climate Change issues

 

Low institutional capacity to adapt to climate change and undertake mitigation actions
5. INFRASTRUCTURE AND HUMAN SETTLEMENTS DEVELOPMENT Poor and inadequate rural infrastructure and services GOAL 3: BUILD SAFE AND WELL-PLANNED COMMUNITIES WHILE PROTECTING THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT  Lack of balanced urban and rural development.
Poor quality and inadequate road transport networks

 

Poor quality and inadequate road transport networks
Poor water transportation systems Limited safety facilities and poor services on inland waterways
Weak enforcement of planning and building regulations Weak enforcement of planning and building regulations
Inadequate spatial and land use plans Poor land use and spatial planning
Inadequate ICT infrastructure base  Inadequate ICT centers within communities.
Limited use of ICT as a tool to enhance the management and efficiency of businesses Low usage of ICT for national growth and development
Limited urban infrastructure Urban service deficiencies
5. INFRASTRUCTURE AND HUMAN SETTLEMENTS DEVELOPMENT Inadequate access to environmental sanitation facilities GOAL 2: CREATE AN EQUITABLE, HEALTHY AND DISCIPLINE SOCIETY Inadequate waste management facilities
Poor disposal of waste Poor sanitation and waste management 
Lack of maintenance of water systems Inadequate maintenance of facilities
Inadequate access to water Poor and low-income earners have little access to potable water services
Weak enforcement of existing sanitation laws Poor planning and implementation of sanitation plans
Unreliable power supply Low supply of power to residential and industrial properties Continued consumption of non-renewable energy
6. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTIVITY AND EMPLOYMENT Huge gaps in geographical to quality health care GOAL 2: CREATE AN EQUITABLE, HEALTHY AND DISCIPLINE SOCIETY Huge gaps in geographical access to quality health care
High prevalence rate of diseases like malaria, HIV & AIDS etc. Lack of comprehensive knowledge of HIV and AIDS/STIs, especially among the vulnerable groups
High levels of  malnutrition especially among children

 

Inadequate nutrition training and advocacy on Food and Nutrition Security at all levels
Huge unmet need for mental health services
Unmet need for mental health services

 

Inadequate and inequitable access to educational facilities Uneven attention to the development needs at different levels of education
Low levels of Technical/vocational skills Low levels of Technical/vocational skills
Lack of entrepreneurial skills Lack of entrepreneurial skills for self-employment
High number of untrained teachers at the private basic school level High number of untrained teachers at the private basic school level
High levels of unemployment and under-employment especially among the youth High levels of unemployment and under-employment especially among the youth
Poor quality of teaching and learning materials Poor quality of teaching and learning and assessment skills at the basic level
High incidence of poverty, especially among disadvantaged groups Disparity in decline in poverty across the country and amongst different population groups
Increasing rates of migration Increasing trend of irregular and precarious migration
High incidence of child trafficking Incidence of child trafficking
Prevalence of abuse, violence and exploitation of children and others worst forms of child labour Poor implementation of policies and regulations on Child labour
Limited coverage of social protection interventions Inadequacy of social protection programmes to cover all the vulnerable groups
Inadequate support for Persons With Disability (PWDs) Inadequate opportunities for persons with disabilities to contribute to society
Inadequate and poor sports infrastructure Inappropriate and poor maintenance of sporting and recreational facilities
High level of youth unemployment Youth unemployment and underemployment
High incidence of violation of children’s rights High incidence of violation of Children’s rights
Inadequate job creation Inadequate job creation
Crime and violence Crime and violence
Lack of a comprehensive National Human Resource Development policy  Lack of national human capital development plan/ strategy
Discrimination and violence against older persons especially women  Limited opportunity for the aged to contribute to national development  
7. TRANSPARENT AND ACCOUNTABLE GOVERNANCE Low recognition of gender equity in public sector (public sphere) GOAL 2: CREATE AN EQUITABLE, HEALTHY AND DISCIPLINE SOCIETY Low recognition of gender equity in all spheres
Chieftaincy disputes Communal strife and disunity as a result of leadership succession and land disputes
Low patronage of local creative industry Low patronage of cultural goods and services
7. TRANSPARENT AND ACCOUNTABLE GOVERNANCE Inadequate responsiveness to civil society and private sector initiatives in governance processes GOAL 4: BUILD EFFECTIVE, EFFICIENT AND DYNAMIC INSTITUTIONS Inadequate appreciation of CSOs role in public policy processes
Weak sub-district structures Non-functioning sub-district structures
Gaps in communication and accountability between MMDAs and citizens Low transparency and accountability of public officials
Weak structures for effective participation of citizens especially vulnerable groups in decision-making and policy implementation Weak coordination of the development planning system
Inadequate access to public information by media, civil society and general public Low level stakeholder consultation

 

 

 

 

DMTDP GOALS 2018-2021 DMTDP SUB-GOALS 2018-2021 ADOPTED ISSUES
Build an inclusive industrialised and resilient economy Attain and sustain macro-economic stability at all times Revenue under-performance due to leakages and loopholes, among others

 

Narrow tax base
Increase access to affordable credit and capital by businesses of all sizes Limited access to finance
Informal nature of businesses
Limited technical and entrepreneurial skills

 

Low awareness of incentive regime for local investors
 Tourism Limited exploitation of potentials in the tourism sector
Inadequate investment in the tourism sector

 

Limited attention to the development of tourism at the local level

 

Inadequate promotion of domestic tourism
Energy Supply to Support Industries and Households Low utilisation of waste as an energy resource

 

Promote sustainable industrialization Low levels of mechanisation in agriculture
High cost of agriculture machinery and equipment
High incidence of drudgery in agriculture
Seasonal variability in food supply and prices
High dependence on seasonal and erratic rainfall.
Encroachment on irrigation sites.
High cost of energy for irrigation
High unemployment rate  amongst the youth
Encourage growth and development of high-value services (such as ICT, finance, health, education, and technical services) Low adoption of technology
Low transfer and uptake of research findings by stakeholders
Limited application of biotechnology and its benefits
Limited research on industrial uses of locally produced crops and livestock
Promote sustainable agriculture Limited multiplication and production of planting materials and certification of seeds

 

Poor storage and untimely release of planting materials and certified seeds

 

Limited participation of beneficiaries in extension programme planning and implementation at the local level
Limited access to extension services, especially by women agriculture operators
Poor rural road infrastructure
Weak systems for disaster prevention, preparedness and response (gaps in legal and policy frameworks)
Inadequate agribusiness enterprises along the value chain
Increase access to affordable credit and capital by businesses of all sizes Inadequate access to appropriate financial products

 

Low level of economies of scale in agriculture
Inadequate incentives and subsidies
Create an equitable, healthy and disciplined society Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all Poor quality of teaching and learning and assessment skills at the basic level  
High number of
untrained teachers at the basic level
Low levels of teacher commitment
Inadequate use of teacher-learner contact time in schools
Change negative perception of TVET
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages (3) Huge gaps in geographical access to quality health care
Inadequate and inequitable distribution of critical staff mix Inadequate capacity
Increasing  morbidity, mortality and disability due to communicable , non-communicable  and emerging diseases
Unmet need for mental health service
Inadequate capacity to use health information for decision making at all levels
Lack of comprehensive knowledge of HIV and AIDS/STIs, especially among the vulnerable groups
Inadequate coverage of reproductive health and family planning services
Create ample opportunities for employment and decent work High levels of unemployment and under-employment amongst the youth
Low levels of
Technical/vocational skills
Lack of entrepreneurial skills for
self-employment
Reduce income and spatial inequality Inadequate resources for child protection and welfare
Poor quality of services for children and families
Limited data on children in all situations: Street Children, Child Labour, Child Trafficking, etc.
Achieve Gender equality and empower all women and girls (5) Low recognition of gender equity in all spheres
Vulnerability and exclusion of some population groups
Lack of a comprehensive M& E system for social protection
Challenges of livelihood empowerment programmes against poverty
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all Poor sanitation and waste management
Poor and low-income earners have little access to potable water services
Poor planning and implementation of sanitation plans
High prevalence of open defecation
Increasing demand for household water supply
Inadequate maintenance of facilities
Absence of a well structured post construction support by MMDAs
Poor and low-income earners have little access to potable water services
River bank encroachment
Poor waste collection system
Inadequate waste management facilities
Build safe and well planned communities while protecting the natural environment Transport Infrastructure: Road, Rail,  Water and Air Poor quality and inadequate road transport networks
Geographical disparities  in access to transport services
Early deterioration of road networks
Water resources Management Increasing water demand for domestic, agriculture, commercial and industrial use

 

Weak water resources management
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)

 

 

Inadequate ICT centers within communities.

Low level of citizens’ access to online information on health, economic and social issues

 

Infrastructure Maintenance Poor and inadequate maintenance of infrastructure
Deforestation, Desertification and Soil Erosion Non-enforcement of relevant laws and regulations
Inadequate financial resources for biodiversity conservation
Deforestation, Desertification and Soil Erosion Non-enforcement of relevant laws and regulations
Climate Variability and Change Low institutional capacity to adapt to climate change and undertake mitigation actions
Disaster Management Prevalence of fires, floods and other disasters
Urban Development Urban service deficiencies
Human Settlements and Development Poor land use and spatial planning
 Lack of balanced urban and rural development.
Weak enforcement of planning and building regulations
Goal 4: Build effective efficient and dynamic institutions Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive Inadequate appreciation of CSOs role in public policy processes
Inadequate structures for the security service
Non-functioning sub-district structures
Low transparency and accountability of public officials
Weak coordination of the development planning system
Low level stakeholder consultation
Ineffective coordination of  gender equality results
Local Governance and Decentralization Weak financial base and management capacity of the District Assemblies

 

 

 

 

PRIORITISATION OF DEVELOPMENT ISSUES 

The development issues adopted from above may be considered as a shopping list. It is important therefore to prioritise the issues. The following method was used in the prioritisation process;

 

5.2.1 Application of potentials (strength), Opportunities, Constraints (weakness) and challenges (threats) (POCC or SWOT) analysis

 

The adopted issues were subjected to the analysis of the Potentials, Opportunities, Constraints and Challenges (POCC) of the Municipality. This has facilitated the identification of issues with potentials and opportunities to be addressed as priorities while considering other measures to address those with constraints and challenges.

 

Potentials of a District refer to factors; advantages and resources (within the District) which when utilised can enable the District to enhance its sustained socio-economic development or to overcome its challenges.

 

Opportunities are external factors (beyond the District) that positively influence development of the District.

 

Constraints are disadvantages emanating from internal factors such as institutional, human and physical resources that act against development.  

 

Challenges may be external factors or obstacles (beyond the District) that may hamper smooth development effort.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Revenue under-performance due to leakages and loopholes, among Existence of Town/Area councils

Availability of strong youth

Existence of revenue unit

Comprehensive revenue data

Patronage of local market by neighbouring Togo nationals

Availability of DACF and DDF and other Donor funds

 

Inadequate logistics for revenue operations

Lack of interest among the youth for tax collection

Area councils not having staffs for revenue exercise

 

 

Delays in the release of DACF and DDF

 

The Assembly should expand the revenue generation coverage via public education on the need to pay taxes, supervision of collections and provision of logistics e.g vehicles

 

 

 

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Narrow tax base

 

Existence of potential tax sources

Availability of strong youth

Existence of Town/Area councils

 

Patronage of local market by neighbouring Togo nationals

Fourable tax regimes

Inadequate public knowledge on tax obligation Weak local economy
The Assembly need to give much attention to the development of local economy to expand it tax base

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

High number of untrained teachers at the basic level 1. Teachers enrol on distance courses

2. In-service trainings

1.Self-sponsorship training

2..NGO’s Initiative

3. Existence of training institution

1. Lack of funds

2. Using contact hours for courses and studies

1. Lack of mastery under content delivery

2. Inadequate NGO’s Initiative

Conclusion: the issue of untrained teachers at the basic level is under control because the potentials and opportunities can mitigate the constrains and challenges with commitment.

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Poor Quality of teaching and learning and assessment skills at the basic level. 1.In Service training

2. Award scheme

1. Resources from Development partners

2. Capitation Grants

1.Inadequate funds 1. Poor academic records

2. Funds for proper supervision

Conclusion: the District has great potentials and opportunities to over come Poor Quality of teaching and learning and assessment skills at the basic level. Funds and attitudes are the only two obstacles.

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate use of teacher-learner contact time in schools 1. Disciplinary committees

2. Inference training

 

1. Resources from development partners

2. Legal regimes in place.

1. Weak disciplinary measures

2. High level of untrained teachers

1. Poor attitudes to work

2. Pupil absenteeism during market days

3. Weak application of Legal regimes in place

Conclusion: Controls measure must be strengthen to mitigate the problem of Inadequate use of teacher-learner contact time in schools

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Low levels of teacher commitment 1. Award scheme

2. Inference training

3. In Service training

1. Resources from development partners

3. Resources from GOG

 

1. Irregular Award scheme

2. Irregular Inference training

1. Poor attitudes to work

2. Weak application of Legal regimes in place

Conclusion: Beside other measures, Low levels of teacher commitment can be resolve by improve working conditions with respect to salaries, logistics and good pension package

 

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Huge gaps in geographical access to quality health care

 

Ongoing Construction of CHPS compounds in the District

Improved Road Network in the District.

Support from Donor Funds for Health facility Construction.

Private Sector Participation in the Health Care Delivery.

Irregular Flow of Funds.

Competing Health Needs in the District.

 

Lack of harmonized plans between Donor and DA.

Diminishing Donor Support

 

Conclusion: With the opportunities and potentials in place, little effort from Central Government and Donor Support can help improve access to quality Health Care.

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate and inequitable distribution of critical staff mix Inadequate capacity

 

The District Assembly support for Health Training of Critical Staff.

 

Donor Support for Critical Staff Training for health Care Delivery. Irregular flow of Funds.

 

Difficulties in getting admission in to Critical Health Training intuitions
Conclusion:. With Adherence to Assemblies plan to support Critical Health Staff Training , little support from Donor support can help mitigate the problem

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Increasing  morbidity, mortality and disability due to communicable , non-communicable  and emerging diseases

 

 

Increase in Health Promotional activities on sanitation.

Legal Regime on In-sanitary practices in Place.

Existence of ZOOMLION

 

World Vision and UNCIEF supporting WASH programmes in the District.

 

Poor attitudinal Change.

Irregular flow of funds

Inflows of Disease from Neighbouring Countries.

 

Conclusion: With our inability to control Inflows of Disease neighbouring countries, our existing facilities over burden.

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Unmet need for mental health service

 

Existence of Mental Health Officers/Nurses N/A Lack of adequate Facilities for Mental Health Care Delivery.

Increasing Mental Health Cases in the District.

Lack of Donor  interest in Mental Health Care Delivery.
Conclusion: Mental Health Care Delivery remains an issue in the District.

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Lack of comprehensive knowledge of HIV and AIDS/STIs, especially among the vulnerable groups

 

Existence of Health facilities in the District

Existence of comprehensive plan on AIDS/STIs sensitisation

Central Government support for AIDS/STIs programmes Irregular flow of funds

Limited Health professionals to embark on training

Poor public participation in sensitisation forums
Conclusion: Despite the latter constrains and challenges, enough opportunities and potentials exist to increase AIDS/STIs knowledge coverage

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate coverage of reproductive health and family planning services

 

Existence of Health Facilities in the District.

Health Promotional Activities in the District on Family Planning.

Central Government Support on Family planning activities.

Donor support on family planning activities.

Inadequate logistics in existing facilities.

Huge gaps in geographical access to quality health care

 

Poor patronage by citizens.
Conclusion: Family planning activities is steadily progressing .

 

 

 

 

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate Infrastructure such as roads, etc. Availability of earth moving equipment

 

Existence of Works Dep’t

Existence of Urban Roads Dep’t at the Regional and national level

 

Existence of Road Fund

Low level of IGF

Most  of the earth moving equipment have broken down

Delay in the release of Central Government Funds
Conclusion: The constraints can be addressed by the Assembly’s ability to repair its earth moving equipment and expansion of cocoa road coverage

 

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate market information

 

Availability of BAC/ NBSSI office and Department of Agriculture Existence of GIPC at the national level Lack of organization of local trade fairs

 

Lack of dialogue sections between persons in the value chain

Inadequate participation in trade fairs
Conclusion: The Assembly should facilitate creation of Local economic development plat forms in the District

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Limited access to finance Availability of banks Existence of MASLOC

Planting for food and jobs programme of Government

Lack of business plans

Lack of structures in business formation

High interest rates
Conclusion: The Assembly should train SMEs to prepare business plans and put in place structures in establishing businesses

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Limited technical and entrepreneurial skills Availability of trainers Additional resources from NBSSI, Trade Ministry and donor partners

Availability of training institutions

Inadequate funds and logistics Untimely release of support from Government and donors
Conclusion: The Assembly should embark on campaign to raise interest in technical and entrepreneurial skills acquisition

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate access to veterinary services Existence of veterinary unit Availability of donor support Inadequate funds and logistics

Inadequate veterinary staff

Untimely release of central government funds
Conclusion: The constraints can be addressed by central government posting enough staff to man the unit

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Low productivity Availability of large arable lands

Availability of farm labour

Existence of rivers for irrigation

Availability of extension services

Favourable government agriculture policies such as planting for food and jobs

Additional donor support for agriculture. E.g Actionaid and world vision etc.

1. Reliance on traditional technology in production

2.Low investment in livestock sector

3. Persistent annual bush fires

4. Low interest of youth in agriculture

5. Unfavorable land tenure system

1. Impacts of climate change

2. High cost of inputs and access to credit

3. Lack of investment in the provision of irrigation facilities

4. Declining  soil fertility

 

Conclusion: The constraints can be addressed by the Assembly taking the initiative to dialogue with stakeholders while the challenges can be addressed by the Assembly enforcing by-laws in the management of the environment

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate investment in the tourism sector 1.Potential tourism sites available

2. Private sector  interest in tourism is high

1. The ministry of Tourism exists to provide technical support

2. Training institutions exist

Lack of tourism development plan

 

Inadequate data on tourism potentials

 

Lack of administrative will

Lack of funds
Conclusion: The Assembly should develop a tourism development plan and partner the private sector in the development of the sector

 

 

 

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Unreliable power supply Availability of potentials in alternative power sources. E.g.mini dam, solar, wind Energy Ministry exist at the national level to provide technical support

 

High Interest of the private sector  

Lack of funds and lack of administrative will Lack of funds from government

Inadequate policy directive from government

Conclusion: The Assembly should partner ECG for electricity extension

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Low levels of mechanisation in agriculture Large scale agricultural potentials

Existence of the Agriculture Department

Favourable government policies like one district one factory and planting for food and jobs

Availability of donors

Inadequate funds

 

Capital intensive
Conclusion: The constraints can be addressed by the Assembly partnering the private sector/donors and taking advantage of government policies in the sector

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

High dependence on seasonal and erratic rainfall Availability of Four Rivers

Department of Agriculture exists

 

Favourable government policies like planting for food and jobs

Availability of donor funds

Inadequate internal funds

Lack of administrative will

Inadequate and untimely release of government funds
Conclusion: The constraints can be addressed by the Assembly partnering the private sector/donors  to construct irrigations facilities and taking advantage of government policies in the sector 

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Low adoption of Technology Skilled staff available at the Department of Agriculture

Availability of extension officers

Favourable government policies like planting for food and jobs

Availability of donor funds

Inadequate internal funds and logistics

 

Inadequate and untimely release of government funds
Conclusion: The constraints can be addressed by the Assembly partnering the private sector/donors and taking advantage of government policies in the sector

 

 

 

 

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Limited multiplication and production of planting materials and certification of seeds Skilled staff available at the Department of Agriculture

Availability of extension officers

Favourable government policies like planting for food and jobs

Availability of donor funds

Inadequate internal funds and logistics

 

Inadequate and untimely release of government funds
Conclusion: The constraints can be addressed by the Assembly partnering the private sector/donors and taking advantage of government policies in the sector

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Limited access to extension services, especially by women agriculture operators Availability of extension officers Favourable government policies like planting for food and jobs

Availability of donor funds

Inadequate internal funds and logistics and extension officers

 

Inadequate and untimely release of government funds
Conclusion: The constraints can be addressed by the Assembly partnering the private sector/donors and taking advantage of government policies in the sector

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Undeveloped capacity of FBOs to access or deliver services Skilled staff available at the Department of Agriculture

Availability of extension officers

Favourable government policies like planting for food and jobs

Availability of donor funds

Availability of MASLOC and funds

Inadequate internal funds and logistics

 

Inadequate and untimely release of government funds
Conclusion: The constraints can be addressed by the Assembly partnering the private sector/donors and taking advantage of government policies in the sector

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Limited capacity of exporters to meet export volumes and standards Availability of BAC/ NBSSI office and Department of Agriculture Existence of GIPC at the national level Lack of dialogue sections between persons in the value chain

 

Production of substandard goods

 

Inadequate participation in trade fairs

 

Inadequate Infrastructure

 

Problem with certification of produce

Conclusion: Regular dialogue sections among actors in the value chain should be organized

Infrastructure should be built such as roads.

 

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Increasing negative impact of climate change on agriculture Availability of Departments of Agriculture/ NADMO/ Fire Service Climate change policy documents developed Lack of adequate information on climate change Lack of political will to enforce climate change policy
Conclusion: The assembly should undertake adequate sensitization of the public on climate change

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Low productivity and poor handling of livestock/ poultry products Department of Agriculture

 

Availability of inputs

Existence of favorable government policies such as one district one factory Lack of dialogue sections between persons in the value chain

 

Production of substandard goods

 

Inadequate participation in trade fairs

 

Inadequate Infrastructure

 

Problem with certification of produce

Conclusion: Regular dialogue sections among actors in the value chain should be organized

Infrastructure should be built such as roads.

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

High  unemployment rate  amongst the youth Availability of BAC/ NBSSI office and Department of Agriculture

 

Youth Employment Agency exist

Availability of favourable government policies such as planting for food and jobs

Availability of skills training institutions

 

MASLOC

 

 

Lack of entrepreneurial culture among the youth

 

Preference for white colour jobs

 

Inadequate infrastructure such as power, water

High cost of capital, power, water etc.

 

Untimely releases of government funds

 

Conclusion: The Assembly would have to embark on sensitization programmes to encourage the youth to undertake skills training programmes and also build the needed infrastructure

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Poor implementation of policies and regulations on Child labour/ trafficking Department of social welfare exist

By-laws protecting the rights of children exist

National policies in support of rights of children exist

Gender Ministry exist at the national level

Civil society organizations exist

By-laws protecting the rights of children is not being enforced Lack of enforcement of national policies protecting rights of children
Conclusion: By-laws protecting the rights of children must be enforced and funds must be made available by the Assembly
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequacy of social protection programmes to cover all the vulnerable groups Department of social welfare exist

 

National policies in social protection exist

Gender Ministry exist at the national level

Civil society organizations exist

Implementation of such policies are mostly done from central government Inadequate and untimely release of funds
Conclusion: Implementation of such policies should be channelled through MMDAs.

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate opportunities for persons with disabilities(PWDs) to contribute to society Department of social welfare exist

Committee of PWDs exist

 

National policies on PWDs exist

Gender Ministry exist at the national level

Civil society organizations exist

Lack of comprehensive data on PWDs Inadequate and untimely release of central government funds
Conclusion: The Assembly should compile  comprehensive data on PWDs.
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Low recognition of gender equity in all spheres Department of social welfare and Gender Desk exist National policies on gender issues exist

Gender Ministry exist at the national level

Civil society organizations exist

Inadequate gender mainstreaming at the District level Inadequate funding from central government
Conclusion: By-laws protecting the rights of children is must be enforced and funds must be made available by the Assembly

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inappropriate and poor maintenance of sporting and recreational facilities Sports development unit exist

School sports takes place every year

Ministry of sports exist at the national level Inadequate facilities and funds Inadequate funding from central government
Conclusion: The Assembly must partner with the private sector in the development of sports and recreational facilities
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Low patronage of cultural goods and services Availability of rich cultural practices

 

Ministry for culture and creative arts exist Inadequate funding for the sector and lack of data on cultural practices

 

Inadequate funding from central government
Conclusion: The Assembly should make funding available for the sector

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate waste management facilities Existence of District Environmental Health Office

Existence of CLTS  programme

 

Government policy on improvement of sanitation

Presence of NGOs in WASH like UNICEF

 

Indiscriminate dumping of refuse

Inadequate Funding

Weak capacity to implement sanitation By-Laws

 

Inadequate Funding from central funding

Conclusion: The Assembly should make funding available for WASH activities  and also  implement sanitation By-Laws
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Poor sanitation and waste management  Existence of District Environmental Health Office

Existence of WATSAN committees in rural areas of operations.

Availability of Sanitation By-Laws

Availability of Unit Committees to manage sanitation at community level

Government policy on improvement of sanitation

Presence of NGOs in WASH like UNICEF

 

 Indiscriminate dumping of refuse

 Inadequate Funding

Weak capacity to implement sanitation By-Laws

Inadequate Funding from central funding

 

 

Conclusion: The Assembly should make funding available for WASH activities  and also  implement sanitation By-Laws

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Poor and low-income earners have little access to potable water services Existence of District Environmental Health Office and WASH section at the Works Department

Extension of GWCL connection to most parts of the District

Existence of WATSAN committees in rural areas of operations.

CWSA exist at the regional level

Presence of NGOs in WASH like UNICEF

 

Poor maintenance of facilities

Inadequate Funding

Inadequate Funding from central funding
Conclusion: The Assembly should partner donors to fund WASH activities
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Weak water resources management Existence of  WASH section at the Works Department

Existence of by- laws of the Assembly

 

Water Resources Commission exist

 

Lack of adequate plans for the management of water resources

Weak enforcement of by- laws of the Assembly

Inadequate Funding from central funding
Conclusion: The Assembly should partner donors to fund WASH activities
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate ICT centres within communities. National fibre optic system in place

 

Telecommunication companies available

Favourable government policies Inadequate ICT infrastructure Inadequate Funding from central funding
Conclusion: The Assembly should partner private sector to provide ICT infrastructure
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Poor and inadequate maintenance of infrastructure Availability of Works Department Series of training programmes of O&M plan preparation Unavailability of O&M plan

Lack of maintenance culture

Untimely releases of funds from government
Conclusion: The Assembly should prepare O&M plan and make funds available for its implementation

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Inadequate financial resources for biodiversity conservation Existence of  forestry division, fisheries division and naval command

Existence of by- laws of the Assembly

 

Favorable government policies on natural resource management

 

Lack of adequate plans for the management of resources

Weak enforcement of by- laws of the Assembly

Inadequate Funding from central funding
Conclusion: The Assembly should plan and fund resource management activities and also enforcement of by- laws of the Assembly
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Low institutional capacity to adapt to climate change and undertake mitigation actions Availability of Departments of Agriculture/ NADMO/ Fire Service Climate change policy documents developed Lack of adequate information on climate change Lack of political will to enforce climate change policy
Conclusion: The assembly should undertake adequate sensitization of the public on climate change
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Prevalence of fires, floods and other disasters Availability of Departments of NADMO/ Fire Service/ NCCE Disaster management  policies exist Lack of adequate information on disaster management

Lack of funding and commitment for disaster management issues

Inadequate and untimely release of funds
Conclusion: The assembly should make funds available and undertake adequate sensitization on disaster management
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Poor land use and spatial planning Physical Planning Department available

 

Availability of by-laws of the Assembly

Land Use and Spatial Planning Act of 2016 exist Inadequate logistics

 

Lack of funding

 

Unwillingness of land owners to make land available for preparation of planning schemes

Inadequate and untimely release of funds
Conclusion: The assembly should make funds available and undertake adequate sensitization and activities on land use and spatial planning

 

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Non-functioning sub-district structures Availability of office space and office  equipment

Some Revenue collection ceded to the Area councils

 

Local Governance Act 936 of 2016 stipulates the functions of sub-structures

Availability of DACF

 

Irregular payment of salaries to staff of Area Councils

No remuneration for Unit Committees.

Weak revenue base of Area councils

Presence of conflict of roles between Sub-structure and Traditional Authorities

 Inadequate Understanding of the functions of the Area council and Unit committees

Untimely release of funds

 

Conclusion: More revenue collections should be ceded to Area councils

Capacity building programmes should be organized for Area councils

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Low transparency and accountability of public officials Existence of CBOs,  NGOs and Trade Associations

Existence of local government sub- structures

Existence of Government institution (NCCE, NFED etc.)

Existence of public forum

Availability of Local Governance Act 936 of 2016.

LGS protocols

 

Weak capacity of local govt’ sub-structures

Apathy community members especially the youth.

 Low level of commitment of DA to involve communities in implementation and monitoring

Chieftaincy disputes

Inadequate resources from central government

 Unreliable support from Development  Partners

 

Conclusion: The Assembly must undertake more community engagement and involvement in policy making processes with stakeholders and undertake sensitization programmes
Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Weak coordination of the development planning system Existence of DPCU

 

 

Availability of Local Governance Act 936 of 2016.

LGS protocols

Inadequate funding for planning, budgeting and M&E activities

 

Unavailability of logistics

 

Untimely flow of central government funds
Conclusion: Adequate funding must be made  for planning, budgeting and M&E activities

And also logistics must be made available

Adopted Issue to be addressed Potentials

(from Baseline situation etc)

 

Opportunities

 

Constraints

 

Challenges

Low level stakeholder consultation Existence of CBOs, TAs NGOs and Trade Associations

Existence of local government sub- structures

Existence of Government institution (NCCE, NFED etc.)

Existence of public forum

Availability of Local Governance Act 936 of 2016.

LGS protocols

 

Weak capacity of local govt’ sub-structures

Apathy community members especially the youth.

Low level of commitment of DA to involve communities in implementation and monitoring

Chieftaincy disputes

Inadequate resources from central government

Unreliable support from Development  Partners

 

Conclusion: The Assembly must undertake more community engagement and involvement in policy making processes with stakeholders and undertake sensitization programmes

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.2.2. Impact Analysis

IMPACT ANALYSIS OF PRIORITIZED ISSUES

 

The impacts of the issues considered as priorities from the POCC analysis were assessed with the following criteria:

Significant linkage effect on meeting basic human needs/rights – e.g. immunisation of children and quality basic schooling linked to productive citizens in future, reduction of gender discrimination linked to sustainable development;

Significant multiplier effect on economic efficiency, e.g. attraction of investors, job creation, increases in incomes and growth.

 

Impact on:

  • The different population groups (e.g. girls, aged, disabled);
  • Balanced development;
  • Natural resource utilisation;
  • Cultural acceptability;
  • Resilience and disaster risk reduction;
  • Climate change mitigation and adaptation;
  • Institutional reforms.

 

Opportunities for the promotion of cross-cutting issues such as

HIV and AIDS in terms of the target groups in the sector for targeted interventions e.g. elimination of stigmatisation;  

Gender equality with respect to practical and strategic needs and interests;

Nutrition.

Details of the impact analysis are presented in the table 39 below:

 

 

Table 39: Impact Analysis

ADOPTED ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED IMPACT ANALYSIS
Revenue underperformance due to leakages and loopholes, among others

 

Addressing this issue would lead to significant increases in the revenue of the Assembly which will lead to socio-economic development of the District as a result of provision of public goods and services
Inadequate Infrastructure such as roads, etc. Addressing this issue would impact the economy in the creation of jobs, attraction of investments which ultimately leads to socio-economic development of the District
Inadequate market information

 

Addressing these issues would mitigate post harvest loses, job creation, increase incomes and economic growth.

 

Limited access to finance
Limited technical and entrepreneurial skills Addressing this issue would ensure job creation, increase incomes and economic growth.
Inadequate access to veterinary services Addressing these issues would ensure attraction of investors, job creation,increase incomes and economic growth.
Low productivity
Inadequate investment in the tourism sector
Unreliable power supply
Low levels of mechanisation in agriculture
Inadequate dissemination of information on business opportunities along the agriculture value chain
High dependence on seasonal and erratic rainfall Addressing these issues would ensure attraction of investors, job creation, incomes and economic growth

These issues when addressed would also lead to increases in agriculture productivity, food security and nutrition safety as well adapting to the impacts of climate change.

Low adoption of Technology
Limited multiplication and production of planting materials and certification of seeds
Limited access to extension services
Increasing negative impact of climate change on agriculture
Undeveloped capacity of FBOs to access or deliver services These issues when addressed would also lead to increases in agriculture productivity, food security nutrition safety, job creation, incomes and economic growth
Limited capacity of exporters to meet export volumes and standards
Low productivity and poor handling of livestock
Inadequate job creation Addressing this issue would ensure discipline among the youth , job creation, incomes and economic growth.
High unemployment rate amongst the youth
Uneven attention to the development needs at different levels of education Addressing these issues would lead to a highly literacy and productive society, reduction of gender discrimination and sustainable development
Low levels of Technical/vocational skills
Poor quality of teaching and learning and assessment skills at the basic level
Huge gaps in geographical access to quality health care Addressing these issues would lead to a highly healthy and productive society with significant reduction in maternal and infant mortality, effective family planning issues, ensuring reduction of stigma for persons living with HIV etc.
Unmet need for mental health services
Lack of comprehensive knowledge of HIV and AIDS/STIs, especially among the vulnerable groups
Inadequate nutrition training and advocacy on Food and Nutrition Security at all levels
Inadequacy of social protection programmes to cover all the vulnerable groups Addressing these issues would lead to protection of the rights of venerable persons and also offer them opportunities to contribute their quota to national development
Inadequate opportunities for persons with disabilities(PWDs) to contribute to society
High incidence of violation of Children’s rights
Low recognition of gender equity in all spheres
Low patronage of cultural goods and services This would ensure appreciation and acceptability of our cultural values
Poor sanitation and waste management  Addressing these issues would lead to a cleaner societies and sustainability of water supply and ultimately a healthy and cleaner societies
Poor and low-income earners have little access to potable water services
Weak water resources management
Inadequate ICT centres within communities. Addressing issues of ICT ensures significant increases in socio-economic development, job creation and incomes
Poor and inadequate maintenance of infrastructure Addressing this issue will ensure improvement sustainability of development
Inadequate financial resources for biodiversity conservation This would ensure sustainable utilization and management of our natural resources and also ensure adaptation to climate change
Low institutional capacity to adapt to climate change and undertake mitigation actions
Prevalence of fires, floods and other disasters This would ensure resilience and disaster risk reduction
Poor land use and spatial planning This would ensure orderly and well planned communities
Non-functioning sub-district structures Addressing this issue would ensure effective popular participation and local governance at the grass root level
Low transparency and accountability of public officials Addressing this issue would ensure accountability and transparency of public officials to the people and good governance
Weak coordination of the development planning system This would ensure codification of development efforts which will lead harmonization and avoidance of waste
Weak financial base and management capacity of the District Assemblies Addressing this issue would lead to significant increases in the revenue of the Assembly which will lead to socio-economic development of the Municipality as a result of provision of public goods and services

 

SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS OF THE ISSUES (INTERNAL CONSISTENCY/COMPATIBILITY)

The prioritised issues with positive significant impacts should be subjected to strategic environmental analysis. This involves assessing the internal consistency/compatibility of the prioritised issues to determine how they relate to or support each other to achieve the objectives of the DMTDP. Where the relationship is positive, it draws attention to the fact that the issues should be addressed holistically. On the other hand, where the relationship is negative, there is a need to reconsider the issues adopted. (For detailed application of the internal consistency/compatibility analysis, see Annex 6).

 

The conduct of the sustainability analysis should lead to sustainable prioritised issues, which should be presented as shown in table 40 below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 40: Sustainable prioritised issues as categorised under thematic areas and goals

 

STRATEGIC GOAL SUB-GOAL FOCUS AREAS OF MTDP 2018-2021 ADOPTED SUSTAINABLE PRIORITISED ISSUES
Goal One. Build an inclusive industrialised and resilient economy Increase access to affordable consumer credit Fiscal Policy Revenue underperformance due to leakages and loopholes, among others
Promote and sustain microeconomic efficiency Private Sector

Development

Inadequate Infrastructure such as roads, etc
Diversify products and markets for merchandise exports Inadequate market information

 

Limited capacity of exporters to meet export volumes and standards
Inadequate export promotion services
Increase access to affordable credit and capital by businesses of all sizes Development of

SMEs

Limited access to finance
Limited technical and entrepreneurial skills
Increase share of high-value services in overall exports Industrial

Development

Low productivity
Low productivity and poor handling of livestock/ poultry products
Inadequate investment in the tourism sector
Unreliable power supply
Inadequate access to veterinary services
Tourism Limited exploitation of potentials in the tourism sector
  Promote sustainable industrialization Agriculture Productivity Low levels of mechanisation in agriculture
Inadequate dissemination of information on business opportunities along the agriculture value chain
Increasing negative impact of climate change on agriculture
High dependence on seasonal and erratic rainfall
Encourage growth and development of high-value services (such as ICT, finance, health, education, and technical services) Agriculture productivity Low adoption of Technology
Promote sustainable agriculture Limited multiplication and production of planting materials and certification of seeds
Limited access to extension services, especially by women agriculture operators
Undeveloped capacity of FBOs to access or deliver services
 
Goal Two: Create an equitable, healthy and disciplined society Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all Pre-tertiary Education Uneven attention to the development needs at different levels of education
Low levels of Technical/vocational skills
High number of untrained teachers at the private basic school level
Change negative perception of TVET
Poor quality of teaching and learning and assessment skills at the basic level
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages Health Huge gaps in geographical access to quality health care
Unmet need for mental health services
Lack of comprehensive knowledge of HIV and AIDS/STIs, especially among the vulnerable groups
End hunger through improved food and nutrition security Food and Nutrition Security Inadequate nutrition training and advocacy on Food and Nutrition Security at all levels
Create ample opportunities for employment and decent work Employment High levels of unemployment and under-employment especially among the youth
Lack of entrepreneurial skills for self-employment
Low levels of

Technical/vocational skills

Inadequate job creation
Reduce income and spatial inequality Poverty and Inequality Disparity in decline in poverty across the country and amongst different population groups
Disability Inadequate opportunities for persons with disabilities(PWDs) to contribute to society
Child Protection and Family Welfare High incidence of violation of Children’s rights
Incidence of child trafficking
Poor implementation of policies and regulations on Child labour
    Social Protection Inadequacy of social protection programmes to cover all the vulnerable groups
  The aged Limited opportunity for the aged to contribute to national development  
Achieve Gender equality and empower all women Gender equality Low recognition of gender equity in all spheres
Sports and Recreation Sports and Recreation Inappropriate and poor maintenance of sporting and recreational facilities
Youth and Social Development Youth and Social Development Lack of national human capital development plan/ strategy
Violence and Crime among the youth
Youth unemployment and underemployment
Culture and Development Culture and Development Low patronage of cultural goods and services

 

Communal strife and disunity as a result of leadership succession and land disputes
  Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all Housing, Water and Sanitation Inadequate waste management facilities
Poor sanitation and waste management 
Inadequate supply support for household sanitation demand

 

Inadequate maintenance of sanitation and water facilities
High prevalence of open defecation

 

Poor and low-income earners have little access to potable water services
  Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all Energy and Social Development Low supply of power to residential and industrial properties Continued consumption of non-renewable energy
Goal Three: Build safe and well planned communities while protecting the natural environment Transport Infrastructure: Road, Rail,  Water and Air Transport Infrastructure: Road, Rail,  Water and Air Poor quality and inadequate road transport networks
Water resources Management Water resources Management Weak water resources management
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Development Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Inadequate ICT centres within communities.
Low usage of ICT for national growth and development
Infrastructure Maintenance Infrastructure Maintenance Poor and inadequate maintenance of infrastructure
Drainage and flood control Drainage Inadequate and poor drainage systems
Deforestation, Desertification and Soil Erosion Deforestation, Desertification and Soil Erosion Non-enforcement of relevant laws and regulations
Inadequate financial resources for biodiversity conservation
Climate Variability and Change Climate Variability and Change Low institutional capacity to adapt to climate change and undertake mitigation actions
Disaster Management Disaster Management Prevalence of fires, floods and other disasters
Human Settlements and Development Human Settlements and Development Poor land use and spatial planning
Lack of balanced urban and rural development.
Weak enforcement of planning and building regulations
Urban Development Urban Development Urban service deficiencies
Goal Four: Build effective efficient and dynamic institutions Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive 1.Deepening Democratic Governance In Ghana Inadequate appreciation of CSOs role in public policy processes
  Inadequate structures for the security service
  Non-functioning sub-district structures
Low transparency and accountability of public officials
Weak coordination of the development planning system
Low level stakeholder consultation
Ineffective coordination of  gender equality results

 

 

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